After co-founding Apple computers corporation in 1976, Steve Jobs he helped create the whole personal computer revolution and enable homes and schools to have simple and easy to use computers that revolutionized the world of education and home businesses. In the year of 1984, he once again revolutionized the world of personal computers with the development of the Macintosh computer that was the second computer to use a mouse and a Graphical User Interface, the first was the Xerox Star system in 1981, that featured a monochrome screen and a mouse and icons on the desktop.
The rise of Microsoft with their Disk Operating System and then Windows 1.0 was a worthy contender, but judging by the rabid fanboyism displayed by Apple users, the Apple hardware will not be going away anytime soon. After leaving Apple corporation in 1985, Steve Jobs ran a computer company named NeXT, the NeXTSTEP operating system was the seed that became MacOS X and NeXT also founded evolved into the iOS operating system that is present on Apple corporations mobile devices, such as the famous Apple Iphone. Steve Jobs ended up purchasing a small animation company named Pixar that went on to be a very famous animation company and making breathtaking quality computer animation. Pixar was sold to Disney corporation for US$7.4 billion.
Movies these days would not be the same without the incredible detail they can generate these days and Pixar are at the forefront of computer graphics. Weta, who famously worked on the Lord of the Rings films are also a premier company, but they are more special effects rather than wholly computer animated movies. When he returned to Apple in 1997 the company was in a slump with a mediocre product line and reputedly only months from bankruptcy. Fourteen years after this major event, Apple corporation is an extremely profitable company, the major contender and trend setter that are designing extremely stylish computers and deploying the extremely successful Itunes music service for the Ipod music player. Allowing anyone to purchase music and have the track or album on their music player as fast as their Internet connection will allow.
This is the legacy he leaves, having re-built the struggling Apple corporation into the gigantic revolutionary monster it is today. The latest device, the Ipad and the Ipad2 is currently selling like hotcakes and there are rumors that Apple are intending to re-invent the television, this could take the form of a television connected to the Internet that can download movies and television shows from the Itunes store, but we will have to wait and see what happens with that.
Killing a running task UNIX style in Windows 7 is very easy indeed, the tasklist command makes this just as easy as it is in UNIX/Linux.Just type tasklist in the command prompt and it will display a list of running processes. Then look for the PID of the process you want to kill and type tskill followed by the PID of the process and the offending process will be killed.The screenshot to the right shows this in action. Sure, you can press Ctrl-Alt-Del and use the graphical task manager, but this is another good way to manage processes. Just as useful as the ps ax and kill commands in UNIX.
The Ugandan space program is all set after the announcement that space enthusiasts in the third world country are constructing a space shuttle that they are planning to put into space within six years. How they are going to actually get this contraption into space is a good question, The whole thing looks to be far too rickety to make even warp 2. The Star Trek Corp of engineers would condemn this design on the spot. I wish I knew how they intend to actually overcome the gravity of the Earth and lift this into orbit. The intention is admirable, but they want to simulate a low gravity environment by putting a jet engine aimed upwards in a tunnel and putting a person over the exhaust of the engine and they will be lifted up. And roasted alive. It is better to use a pool of water and put someone in a space suit and they do the work underwater and it simulates zero-g. it is hard to take this seriously when the backyard operators in the picture are building a craft that resembles the Scaled Composites craft they must have seen on television and thought to themselves that they would want to try that in their country. The craft in the picture above is actually a aircraft, but they are working on a space programme, so the intention is to get to space and the Ugandans are not going to give up until they meet that lofty goal.
Enterprise NX 01. Predecessor of the NCC 1701.
How long will it be until they have Starships? The Zefram Cochrane of the future might come from Uganda or maybe not, maybe this is a scam to weasel money out of gullible investors and not a worthwhile venture that will result in Africa going into space. The Chinese are more likely to go to space and it is not too likely that a poor African nation with not much in the way of the needed infrastructure to support a space programme. Sure there was Spacehip One, but that had much more money behind it and was not built in someone`s backyard. But I will wait and see what becomes of this plane and maybe it will evolve into a cool spacecraft, they might know what they are doing after all, but if I wanted a spaceship of my own it would be a warp capable ship like the Daedalus from Stargate Atlantis. With a warp drive installed, it would be able to reach Alpha Centauri in no time and enable exploration of the Milky Way.
The best thing about Debian at the moment is not that the Unity/Gnome3 desktop is in absentia, it is that it is the most stable and secure distribution of the Linux operating system. I have used other distributions of Linux and I am promoting Ubuntu quite a bit even though I am not running that distribution at all. Debian is the father of Ubuntu and Linux Mint and they it does not have any of the horrible quirks of Ubuntu like the bloated and demanding Unity desktop interface, that is too much like Mac OS X. It would be better in Unity if you could have a more Mac like dock on the bottom of the screen instead of the vertical bar on the left. Apparently you hold down the ALT key to customise the toolbars on the Gnome 3 desktop, but that is not as intuitive as the old Gnome 2 desktop where you right-click on the applets and you can move them around. But just install Xfce and that can replace Gnome perfectly well, I am sure that Xubuntu will still be around and will be quite adequate for the task of providing a usable Linux desktop with a very easy to use desktop interface.
In other news, it is 20 years ago today that the Linux operating system was born, 20 years ago when Linus Torvalds posted the famous message to comp.os.minix telling the world that he was working on a small project that would not be big and professional like Minix, but was just a hobby. Who knew how popular this free operating system would turn out to be. With large companies like Red Hat behind Linux and the enormous popularity of the Ubuntu distribution, Linux has moved ahead into many arenas with many websites on the Internet like mine powered by Linux and Apache, the free operating system is a very good and reliable alternative to the Windows Server operating system from Microsoft. The first Linux distribution I used was Red Hat 6.2 and that was when I had Windows `98 on my computer. I was amazed at the hardware support in Linux and the software such as the Gimp that allowed me to edit pictures and the overall quality as well as the fact that countless re-boots were not needed to install Red Hat compared to Windows.
The copy and move operations in Windows are to be repaired, previously in Windows the copy and move operations were quite hit and miss with the dialog printing varying estimations of the remaining time for the operation. This has fueled many jokes over the years and it is time that they started to fix this. The file dialog to the right is showing what will appear if there are some files in the destination folder with the same file-name as the copied files.
But what will happen if there are 500 files being copied? Then you would have to scroll down through a huge list of files checking the ones you want to replace. it would be good if this could wait until the end after all of the other files have been copied across and then prompt the user to take care of the files that had conflicts.
Then you would not need to sit in front of the machine for hours babysitting the copy operation. The best ideas are the simplest and a setup like that would make the most sense. Users hate having to take care of a copy operation conflict halfway through the task. And I agree that a squared off theme would be a good idea as well, and keeping the option of the Windows classic theme in Windows 8. The MONAD CLI interface that was planned for Windows will stay as the Windows Powershell, providing a very powerful command-line interface for Windows administration. hopefully Microsoft can improve Windows and make it actually worth using. The stability and security of Windows 7 is better than the Windows releases that have preceded it and hopefully in the future the Windows operating system can only get better.
The Alpha release of Fedora Core 16 has been released with Gnome 3.1.4 and it is not impressing anyone so far, the Gnome 3/Unity desktop is a step backwards compared to the Gnome 2.30 desktop that it is gradually replacing. The CPU and graphics grunt required to work compared to Gnome 2 and Xfce is much greater, and even if you installed the KDE 4.7 desktop that is not much better either. The Gnome 3 desktop uses GTk 3 with all new Cascading Style Sheet styled configuration files for the themes instead of the XML used in the older GTK 2 themes. I have tried Gnome 3, Unity and KDE 4.6 and I am not very happy with any of them, Gnome 2 on GNU/Debian Linux 6.0 is far faster and more reliable than the newer desktop that needed far more work done on it before we saw it first in Ubuntu 11.04 and also in the Fedora 15 distribution that included the Gnome 3 desktop, with far less customisation options than the Gnome 2 desktop that has thousands of themes available for it on Gnome-look.org. You are better off running Gnome 2 or Xfce for your daily desktop usage, as it seems that Gnome is going downhill these days.
The Gnome 1.0 and then the Gnome 2 releases where awesome, but now they just want to create something that is inferior to the excellent desktop environments they have created before? But as I said, you can just run Xfce or Lxde and run a very fast desktop without any bloat and wastage. Many of those who have tried the Fedora 16 desktop have gone back to Windows 7, as that is a more intuitive and useful user interface than the horrible Gnome 3/Unity example. The Linux desktop is going downhill and we need to do something before every distribution goes down this road. The Gnome 1.0 environment was very good compared to the Windows `98 operating systems desktop from Microsoft corporation. The menu was very intuitive and the whole experience of using it felt very natural, just like Windows `95 in many ways. Even the Windows `95 user interface is better than what the Gnome team are putting us through right now, I can not believe that they think this is a good idea to move away from the relatively sleek and powerful Gnome 2 interface they developed and moving to Gnome 3 that is far inferior in every way.
Gnome 1.0 desktop. 1999.
The Unity interface is just copying the Mac OS X desktop environment and not coming up with anything that is original at all. I thought that is Linux had the Windowmaker, Blackbox and Fvwm window managers, we could create something unique but sadly they are just wanting to copy everyone else instead of just updating the older and better Gnome 2.
The search and replace dialog in Gedit. I have used this to convert a comma delimited file to a newline delimited file. I had saved a huge long list of IP addresses that I had to put into the banlist on my forums, and the list was comma delimited, but the latest PHPBB software will not accept that and it has to be newline delimited. Therefore I used this to convert the list to a newline delimited format and then it worked perfectly. Putting the banlist into your PHPBB forums will cut down on a massive amount of spam that would normally overwhelm your forums. The ability to convert an entire file from one format to another with one command is why this tip is so useful.
This can also be achieved by typing this in a terminal emulator window.
cat banlist.txt | sed s'/, /\n/gi'; > banlistnewline.txt
Using sed makes this very simple. This is why the Linux shell is so powerful, the many commands you can use to manage text files and redirection as well as the power of sed and awk make the Linux shell very useful indeed.
Just finished rewriting the kernel compilation page on my website to give instructions for building a vanilla kernel source package on Debian Squeeze. This needed to be done, the information there was dated and needed to be replaced. Having up to date information is a good way to keep your visitors coming back.
I am using the Fluxbox window manager now complemented by the Tint2 toolbar and the Network Manager applet for managing wireless networks. This style of desktop is lightning fast and sleek. The memory usage is very low and everything is very fast and responsive. That is very important when you are fed up with the memory usage of the Windows 7 desktop and even Gnome 2 can be a little slow sometimes and a change is desired.
I have updated the look and feel of my forums at Linux Forums. The theme has been changed to better suit the topics on the boards and I have added a giant list of spammer Internet Protocol addresses to help stop the spam I was getting. This will make a difference if I can make it easier for users to register and post messages without too much hassle. If I get any spam now I can just ban the user and then they would have to re-register on the forums to spam again. I hope I get some people posting and then they will really take off. I had to reinstall my Debian bootloader after an accident with my Debian hard disk and I ended up installing Lubuntu 10.10 temporarily and then after booting into Debian from the Lubuntu boot menu I ran this command: sudo grub-install /dev/sda and the Debian bootloader was re-installed. I have re-booted to test the new bootloader and it works perfectly, now I can remove Lubuntu and keep Debian 6.0 around as it is the best version of Linux with the Debian Stable packages. Coming back to the Debian bootloader installation, use sudo fdisk -l /dev/sda to list the partitions on the target hard disk to make sure it is the right one before you install the bootloader into the boot sector.
FDISK /MBR is the command used on Windows to do the same thing, if it gets corrupted. But Debian runs better than Windows and is more secure to boot. But if you have any questions to ask me, then feel free to post in the forums and ask me and I will get right back to you and give you the answer you are seeking. I am reading an article in the Pc Authority magazine about the new Ubuntu 11.04 release and the writers thoughts on the new Unity interface. It has copied the MacOS X interface, but someone said that the Windows 7 interface copied the KDE4 interface as well, I thought that KDE was copying Windows. There was an option in KDE 3.5 to set it up to look exactly like the MacOS X interface and this worked very well, but now KDE is seemingly fixed in the style of Windows 7 and is quite bloated compared to the KDE 3.5 and 3.4 releases which were usable on lower specced machines. But the Unity interface and other features missing from Ubuntu 11.10 have put the final nail in the coffin for me, the alpha release of Ubuntu 11.10 was missing the font configuration panel from the System Settings window, how are you supposed to configure the fonts appearance on a LCD panel or a CRT without it? Do you use the Gconf editor instead? :(. Although there is the Gnome Tweak tool available for Ubuntu 11.10 that does allow customisation of the fonts and the Unity theme. You may receive instructions on how to install this tool here:
This might make using Ubuntu 11.10 a little easier. Having to install a third party tool to configure the fonts and Unity theme in a very popular distribution like Ubuntu is brain dead. In Windows 7 you have the Control Panel where anything you want can be configured. Why does Ubuntu lack this? No wonder I moved to Debian Squeeze and Gnome 2.30.2.