How to crack Cisco 7 “encrypted” passwords with a simple tool.

This website will crack any “encrypted” Cisco 7 password instantly. http://www.ibeast.com/content/tools/ciscopassword/. This shows that this type of “encryption” is useless when an attacker has access to view the configuration of the switch. Better to use more stringent encryption like 4096 bit. But this is the way that Cisco work. If you get access to a […]


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Use the ip route command to create an ip route manually on Linux.

This command will add an IP route to the 172.29.59.1 router using the wlan0 wireless interface card on my laptop. [email protected]:~$ sudo ip route add 0/0 via 172.29.59.1 dev wlan0 This is part of the process of creating a network connection from your machine to a network when it is necessary to set IP addressing […]


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Elevator spotted running GNU/Linux Ubuntu Unity desktop.

This photograph shows an elevator display screen that is displaying an Ubuntu Unity desktop environment with the updates manager prompting for updates to be installed. This is strange, this is not necessarily the most reliable desktop environment and running this on a computer in an elevator seems like a very dumb idea. But whoever designed […]


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How to create a keyboard map in the .Xmodmap file.

Creating a .Xmodmap file for Linux is very easy. This file contains all of the keyboard mappings for the keyboard keys for your system. [email protected]:~$ xmodmap -pke > ~/.Xmodmap Now use less to view the completed file. [email protected]:~$ cat .Xmodmap This file can be edited if you wish to disable the annoying Caps lock key. […]


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How to set the time and date on a Cisco switch with the clock command.

This is how to set the clock and date on a Cisco switch using the clock command in privileged exec mode. Router#clock set 11:10:45 24 Feb 2016 Check the date using this command. mrrobot#show clock 11:14:34.844 UTC Wed Feb 24 2016 Show the history of entered commands in a session with this command. mrrobot#show history […]


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How to stop the annoying domain lookup on a Cisco switch.

This is a very annoying feature on a Cisco switch… Router>en\ Translating "en\"…domain server (255.255.255.255) But, this is how to turn this behavior off. Run this command in privileged exec mode. arya(config)#no ip domain-lookup And this behavior will no longer occur. arya#help2 Translating "help2" % Unknown command or computer name, or unable to find computer […]


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Install a Windows 3.1 styled theme on Lubuntu.

How to have a Win 3.11 styled Linux theme on a Linux desktop. Firstly, download this theme and save it to your Computer. Extract the theme to your ~/.themes directory: http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php/Win3x?content=169112. This Classic `95 icon theme will provide Windows `95 styled icons to help complete the classic Windows look: http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php/Classic95?content=157298. Put this into your ~/.icons […]


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Get the command line of a process without the ps command.

To get the command line of a process without the ps command, and the PID of the command is known, use this command. This example is using a process with a PID of 3380. [email protected]:~$ cat /proc/3380/cmdline /usr/lib/vmware/bin/thnuclnt-pdir/tmp/vmware-jason/thnuclnt-3346-fg This will show the command line of the process without using the ps command. So blocking the […]


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Linux Mint security breach cause for much discussion.

The recent security breach on the Linux Mint website shows that updating a WordPress website regularly is very important. This breach allowed malicious attackers to compromise the Mint website and change download links to point to Linux Mint ISO images that contained extra files. Therefore, the people using these ISO`s would have been using a […]


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How to create a custom desktop using the .Xsession file.

This is an example of an .Xsession file, this will provide a custom desktop environment. #!/bin/sh   # Load your X Resource defaults, if you have them…   if [ -f $HOME/.Xdefaults ]; then xrdb -merge $HOME/.Xdefaults fi   xterm & tint2 & nm-applet & gkrellm &   # Get just the first part of […]


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Retrieve information about your wireless interface on Ubuntu with the command line.

The /proc/net/wireless file contains information about your wireless connection. [email protected]:~$ cat /proc/net/wireless Inter-| sta-| Quality | Discarded packets | Missed | WE face | tus | link level noise | nwid crypt frag retry misc | beacon | 22 wlan0: 0000 58. -52. -256 0 0 0 1 47 0 This information may also be […]


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Different ways to get user and system information on Linux.

The who command on Linux and UNIX systems will list all currently logged in users on your system. [email protected]:~$ who -Htu NAME LINE TIME IDLE PID COMMENT jason :0 2016-02-13 13:43 ? 1895 (:0) jason tty2 2016-02-13 13:43 00:01 2164 jason pts/0 2016-02-13 13:43 . 2178 (:0.0) List all currently logged in users with the […]


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How to create an ISO image of a directory with the command line.

Creating an ISO image of a directory is useful sometimes. This command will create an ISO image of a directory, ready to burn to a CD or DVD. [email protected]:~$ genisoimage -l -V hi -r ~/Downloads/stuff > cdrom.iso Here is example usage, creating an ISO of a directory so I could mount it to a KVM […]


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How to find out the gateway IP address of your Linux machine on a LAN.

This is how you find out the gateway IP address of your Linux machine on a LAN. I have executed the route -n command and I have this output. The UG flags on the IP address denote it as a gateway IP address. [email protected]:~# route -n Kernel IP routing table Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric […]


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London underground signs powered by Linux.

This is a photograph of an information display in the London Underground. This one is running Linux apparently, a file-system is missing and when the system boots it cannot find the file-system and this results in the system switching to runlevel 6 and rebooting. Someone might have stolen a hard drive from a machine and […]


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Using the Linux stat command to get information about a file.

The Linux stat command allows information to be shown about a file on your file-system. [email protected]:~/Documents$ stat /bin/ls File: ‘/bin/ls’ Size: 118280 Blocks: 232 IO Block: 4096 regular file Device: 801h/2049d Inode: 10616940 Links: 1 Access: (0755/-rwxr-xr-x) Uid: ( 0/ root) Gid: ( 0/ root) Access: 2016-02-01 08:55:40.145487505 +1100 Modify: 2015-03-15 02:47:04.000000000 +1100 Change: 2016-01-19 […]


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9th planet discovered past Pluto.

A super-massive planet has been discovered past the orbit of Pluto. This planet is apparently 10 times more massive than Earth, this should make it easier to see in a telescope if the astronomers know where to look. This has been speculated about since the 1930`s, there was a search for a planet that was […]


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How to get RHS units to garrison buildings in Arma 3.

The simple CBA_fnc_taskDefend function will enable RHS Escalation units to garrison buildings. The Community Base Addons mod is required for this function. Just place this code in the init of each group leader. [this] call CBA_fnc_taskDefend; This is another example. The troops will head towards the marker named ‘hq’ and occupy buildings around it. If […]


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How to update packages on your Debian GNU/Linux system.

The packages on your Debian system must be kept up to date to ensure the security concerns are addressed. Use this command to install any pending updates. sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get upgrade The Debian user may also use this command. sudo aptitude update; sudo aptitude safe-upgrade Both of these commands will update all of […]


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Website links changed.

I have changed the name of one of my categories on my website. If you cannot find an old post, please use the search function to find it again. I have to wait until Google indexes my site again.


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