A good utility for finding all executables in a given path.

Finding all executables in a given path is easy if you use the lsx utility. Firstly install the required packages. jason@eyjafjallajkull:~$ sudo apt-get install suckless-tools [sudo] password for jason: Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done Suggested packages: dwm stterm surf The following NEW packages will be installed: suckless-tools 0 to […]

How to force a re-boot or shutdown if the traditional commands will not work.

If your machine has errors with the hard disk and your machine has booted with a read-only filesystem, these commands can force your machine to either shutdown or reboot. Forced re-boot. echo 1 > /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq echo b > /proc/sysrq-trigger Forced shutdown. echo 1 > /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq echo o > /proc/sysrq-trigger Execute these commands at a root […]

How to do a SQL injection attack against Damn Vulnerable Web App.

Damn Vulnerable Web App is a PHP web application that is deliberately vulnerable. This is used to learn how to attack websites by exploiting various vulnerabilities in the software. In this example, I am showing you how to use a SQL injection to get information out of the database. This line of code will extract […]

Compile a Linux kernel the Ubuntu way.

What is the loopback address of your network interface?

The loopback address of the network interface, usually, is the address used by the operating system to access the network interface itself. This is represented in IPv6 as 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1:/128 or ::1/128 when compressed. This gives the computer user a way to ping a network interface and verify that it is actually working. The ping6 […]

How to find files on the Linux filesystem.

The find command is very useful for locating files on your Linux filesystem. Below is an example of wildcards to locate files in the /boot directory. ubuntu@ip-172-31-20-16:~$ sudo find /boot -name "vm*" /boot/vmlinuz-3.13.0-44-generic Here I am searching the whole / filesystem for a set of files that end in *.log. ubuntu@ip-172-31-20-16:~$ sudo find / -name […]

How to leave a command running when your SSH session is disconnected.

If you want to leave a command running if you are disconnected from your SSH session, then the nohup command can come in handy. This is a good example, this will run the nmap scan and then logout the user. When you re-connect, it will still be running. nohup sudo nmap -A -T2 -P0 hackthissite.com […]

How to use foremost to recover deleted files on a USB thumb drive with Kali Linux.

Below is a snippet of output from my Kali Linux session. I am trying to recover files from a USB thumb drive and I am having some success. root@kali:/home/root/Desktop/files# foremost /dev/sdb1 -v -o /home/root/Desktop/files/ Foremost version 1.5.7 by Jesse Kornblum, Kris Kendall, and Nick Mikus Audit File   Foremost started at Thu Mar 12 11:12:06 […]

How to use the runas command in Windows to elevate privileges.

The runas command in Windows allows a user to elevate their level of privileges to run a command as the Administrator user. The example below shows the usage of the runas command to open another cmd window as the Administrator user. C:\Users\mike\Documents\openvpn>runas /user:Scott\Dobbo cmd Enter the password for Scott\Dobbo: Attempting to start cmd as user […]

Information about satellite packet routing as it relates to the Internet.

This paper I found, PDF relates to the routing of network packets through a satellite connection. This might be very interesting to a student of networking who is interested in satellite networking and the unavoidable latency issues that come with such a connection. With a 250ms latency, this would add on to any existing latency […]

How to crack Linux passwords using john the ripper.

Firstly, for the purposes of this exercise, we are creating a new user with a simple password. I used a user named “vaas” and gave him the simple password “password”. Then run this command to create the file that john the ripper will be using. ubuntu@ip-172-31-20-16:~$ sudo unshadow /etc/passwd /etc/shadow > pass.out Now run the […]

How to remove unneeded packages on your Ubuntu Linux system.

I wanted to update my Ubuntu 14.04 server and I saw this output. I needed to remove these unwanted packages on my system. ubuntu@ip-172-31-20-16:~$ sudo apt-get upgrade Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done Calculating upgrade… Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libdigest-hmac-perl libdrm-intel1 libdrm-nouveau2 […]

How to convert a jpg image to ASCII using the Linux command line.

The jp2a package for Ubuntu will convert a jpeg image into an ascii text representation. This is useful for creating useful ascii images to post on the Internet. Install it by typing: sudo apt-get install jp2a and then convert an image this way. ~$ jp2a myimage.jpg This will output ascii text to the terminal. A […]

How to set a hostname on a Cisco 2950 switch with the terminal.

To set a new hostname on a Cisco router, switch to privileged exec mode by typing enable at the prompt. Enter configuration mode by entering this command. eng_floor_2#configure terminal Then set the hostname by typing this command. eng_floor_2(config)#hostname eng_floor_2 Now the proper hostname has been set on the switch. eng_floor_2#show running-config Building configuration…   Current […]

How to erase the configuration of a Cisco 2950 switch with Putty.

I am assuming that you already know how to access your switch and you do not need any help with this. Log into the switch using Putty and wait until the prompt appears awaiting commands. % Please answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no       […]